The Female Reproductive System

The Female Reproductive System (Fig. 32) -The internal female genital organs are the 2 ovaries, the 2 uterine tubes, the uteruSand the vagina   Ovaries: The ovaries are 2 almond-shaped bodies (I x 2 x 3 cm), one on either side, close, to the lateral wall of the pelvic cavity suspended to the posterior wall […]

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The Male Reproductive System

The Male Reproductive System   (Fig. 30) The male genital organs are the 2 testes, the 2 epididymes, the 2 vas deference, the 2 seminal vesicles, the postate gland and the penis.   Testis: (Fig. 31) ll is the primary male sex organ. It is oval in shape and it is about 2 inches x […]

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The urinary system

Posted by DAM on February 11, 2012 in The Urinary System | Short Link
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The urinary system (Fig. 29) The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra   kidneys: –     The kidneys remove from the blood the toxic waste products of protein metabolism (urea and uric acid), water and inorganic salts. –     The kidneys are reddish brown, bean-shaped organs, located on the posterior abdominal wall, […]

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THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM 3

Posted by DAM on February 10, 2012 in The Digestive System | Short Link
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2–1    THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM 3     The descending colon: It is about 25 cm in length. It extends from the splenic flexure to end at the inlet of the pelvis where it joins the pelvic colon.   The pelvic colon It is about 40 cm in length. It begins at the inlet of […]

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THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM 2

Posted by DAM on February 10, 2012 in The Digestive System | Short Link
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1 THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM 2   The stomach: (Fig. 26) It is the most distensible part of the alimentary tract It transmits food from the oesophagus to the duodenum, li lies in the upper left part of the abdominal ca\iiy below the diaphragm. It has two openings: the cardiac orifice lying ai the junction with […]

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THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM 1

Posted by DAM on February 10, 2012 in The Digestive System | Short Link
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THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM 1   (Fig. 23) The digestive system consists of the mouth, the pharynx, the oesophagus, the stomach, the small intestine and the large intestine. It also includes the associated glands as the salivan glands, the liver, and the pancreas. The mouth: –     The mouth is the first part of the digestive tube […]

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The cardiovascular system 2

1 The cardiovascular system 2   The most important arteries are: 1, The aorta (Fig. 21): It is the largest artery in the body. It carries the pure oxygenated blood from the left ventricle to all parts of the body. It is described as consisting of 3 parts: a)Ascending aorta: from its origin from the […]

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The cardiovascular system 1

The cardiovascular system 1   The cardiovascular system includes the heart and the blood vessels. THE HEART: (Fig. 19) –      The heart is a hollow muscular organ present in the thoracic cavity between the two lungs. It is conical in shape. Its apex is located in the 5th left intercostal space (9 cm from the […]

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The respiratory system

                   The respiratory system The respiratory system consists of the nose, the pharynx, the larynx, thejrachea, the bronchi and the two lungs.   THE NOSE: (Fig. 16) It consists of a bony part and a cartilaginous part. The nasal septum divides it into right and left halves. It opens anteriorly on the face by the […]

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JOINTS

Posted by DAM on February 10, 2012 in Joints | Short Link
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JOINTS   When two or more bones meet, an articulation or a joint is formed. joints are classified according to functional and structural basis into three main types: fibrous, cartilaginous and synovial.   J. Fibrous Joints: These do not permit any appreciable movement. The bones are bound together (united) by intervening fibrous tissue. They are […]

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